Functional Bracing Studies

Functional Bracing Studies

Acierno, S. P., C. D'Ambrosia, et al. (1995). "Electromyography and biomechanics of a dynamic knee brace for anterior cruciate ligament deficiency." Orthopedics18(11): 1101-7.


Alexander, A. H. (1995). "In search of the perfect ACL brace." Am J Orthop24(4): 328-36.


Anderson, K., E. M. Wojtys, et al. (1992). "A biomechanical evaluation of taping and bracing in reducing knee joint translation and rotation." Am J Sports Med20(4): 416-21.


Bagger, J., J. Ravn, et al. (1992). "Effect of functional bracing, quadriceps and hamstrings on anterior tibial translation in anterior cruciate ligament insufficiency: a preliminary study." J Rehabil Res Dev29(1): 9-12.



Beck, C., D. Drez, Jr., et al. (1986). "Instrumented testing of functional knee braces." Am J Sports Med14(4): 253-6.


Beynnon, B. D. and B. C. Fleming (1998). "Anterior cruciate ligament strain in-vivo: a review of previous work." J Biomech31(6): 519-25.


Beynnon, B. D., B. C. Fleming, et al. (2003). "The effect of anterior cruciate ligament deficiency and functional bracing on translation of the tibia relative to the femur during nonweightbearing and weightbearing." Am J Sports Med31(1): 99-105.


Beynnon, B. D., B. C. Fleming, et al. (1995). "Anterior cruciate ligament strain behavior during rehabilitation exercises in vivo." Am J Sports Med23(1): 24-34.


Beynnon, B. D., R. J. Johnson, et al. (1997). "The effect of functional knee bracing on the anterior cruciate ligament in the weightbearing and nonweightbearing knee." Am J Sports Med25(3): 353-9.


Beynnon, B. D., M. H. Pope, et al. (1992). "The effect of functional knee-braces on strain on the anterior cruciate ligament in vivo." J Bone Joint Surg Am74(9): 1298-312.


Branch, T. P., R. Hunter, et al. (1989). "Dynamic EMG analysis of anterior cruciate deficient legs with and without bracing during cutting." Am J Sports Med17(1): 35-41.


Branch, T. P., P. A. Indelicato, et al. (1993). "Kinematic Analysis of Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Deficient Subjects During Side-Step Cutting With and Without a Functional Knee Brace." Clin J Sport Med3(2): 86-94.


Brandsson, S., E. Faxen, et al. (2001). "Is a knee brace advantageous after anterior cruciate ligament surgery? A prospective, randomised study with a two-year follow-up." Scand J Med Sci Sports11(2): 110-4.


Cawley, P. W., E. P. France, et al. (1989). "Comparison of rehabilitative knee braces. A biomechanical investigation." Am J Sports Med17(2): 141-6.


Cawley, P. W., E. P. France, et al. (1991). "The current state of functional knee bracing research. A review of the literature." Am J Sports Med19(3): 226-33.


Cook, F. F., J. E. Tibone, et al. (1989). "A dynamic analysis of a functional brace for anterior cruciate ligament insufficiency." Am J Sports Med17(4): 519-24.


Devita, P. and T. Hortobagyi (2001). "Functional Knee Brace Alters Predicted Knee Muscle and Joint Forces in People with ACL Reconstruction During Walking." J Applied Biomechanics17: 297-311.


Devita, P., P. B. Hunter, et al. (1992). "Effects of a functional knee brace on the biomechanics of running." Med Sci Sports Exerc24(7): 797-806.


DeVita, P., M. Torry, et al. (1996). "A functional knee brace alters joint torque and power patterns during walking and running." J Biomech29(5): 583-8.


Erickson, A. R., K. Yasuda, et al. (1993). "An in vitro dynamic evaluation of prophylactic knee braces during lateral impact loading." Am J Sports Med 21(1): 26-35.


Fleming, B. C., P. A. Renstrom, et al. (2000). "The influence of functional knee bracing on the anterior cruciate ligament strain biomechanics in weightbearing and nonweightbearing knees." Am J Sports Med28(6): 815-24.


Fujimoto, E., Y. Sumen, et al. (2002). "Spontaneous healing of acute anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries - conservative treatment using an extension block soft brace without anterior stabilization." Arch Orthop Trauma Surg122: 212-216.


Hunter, L. Y. (1985). "Braces and taping." Clin Sports Med4(3): 439-54.


Jenkins, W. L., S. W. Munns, et al. (1998). "Knee joint accessory motion following anterior cruciate ligament allograft reconstruction: a preliminary report." J Orthop Sports Phys Ther28(1): 32-9.


Jonsson, H. and J. Karrholm (1990). "Brace effects on the unstable knee in 21 cases. A roentgen stereophotogrammetric comparison of three designs." Acta Orthop Scand61(4): 313-8.


Knutzen, K., B. Bates, et al. (1984). "Knee brace influences on the tibial rotation and torque patterns of the surgical limb." The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy6(2).


Knutzen, K. M., B. T. Bates, et al. (1983). "Electrogoniometry of post-surgical knee bracing in running." Am J Phys Med 62(4): 172-81.


Knutzen, K. M., B. T. Bates, et al. (1987). "A biomechanical analysis of two functional knee braces." Med Sci Sports Exerc 19(3): 303-9.


Langevoort, G., S. Maehlum, et al. (1995). "Biomechanical, functional and subective evaluation of braces in Handball." Second Congress of the Medical Committee of IHF, Vienna.


Liggins, A. B. and P. Bowker (1991). "A quantitative assessment of orthoses for stabilization of the anterior cruciate ligament deficient knee." Proc Inst Mech Eng [H]205(2): 81-7.


Liu, S. H. and R. Mirzayan (1995). "Current review. Functional knee bracing." Clin Orthop(317): 273-81.


Malone, T. and G. Friedhoff (1997). "Knee Bracing: The Prophylactic Knee Bracing Debate." Biomechanics/ Physical Therapy: 23-29.


Martin, T. J. (2001). "American Academy of Pediatrics: Technical report: knee brace use in the young athlete." Pediatrics108(2): 503-7.


Mishra, D. K., D. M. Daniel, et al. (1989). "The Use of Functional Knee Braces in the Control of Pathologic Anterior Knee Laxity." Clin Orthop241: 213-220.

Paluska, S. A. and D. B. McKeag (2000). "Knee braces: current evidence and clinical recommendations for their use." Am Fam Physician61(2): 411-8, 423-4.


Regalbuto, M. A., J. S. Rovick, et al. (1989). "The forces in a knee brace as a function of hinge design and placement." Am J Sports Med17(4): 535-43.


Soma, C. A., P. W. Cawley, et al. (2004). "Custom-fit versus premanufactured braces." Orthopedics27(3): 307-10.


Styf, J. R., O. Lundin, et al. (1994). "Effects of a functional knee brace on leg muscle function." Am J Sports Med22(6): 830-4.


Vailas, J. C. and M. Pink (1993). "Biomechanical effects of functional knee bracing. Practical implications." Sports Med15(3): 210-8.


Volpi, P., G. Melegati, et al. (1995). "Biomechanical, functional and subjective assessment of a new functional knee brace for team sports." J Sports Traum Rel Res 17(2): 81-89.


Walker, P. S., H. Kurosawa, et al. (1985). "External knee joint design based on normal motion." J Rehabil Res Dev22(1): 9-22.


Walker, P. S., J. S. Rovick, et al. (1988). "The effects of knee brace hinge design and placement on joint mechanics." J Biomech21(11): 965-74.


Warming, T. and U. Jorgensen (1998). "The effect of bracing on extension strength in patients with ACL insufficiency." Scand J Med Sci Sports8(1): 14-9.


Wichmann, S. and D. R. Martin (1996). "Bracing for Activity." The Physician and Sportsmedicine24(9): 88-94.


Wojtys, E. M. and L. J. Huston (2001). ""Custom-fit" versus "off-the-shelf" ACL functional braces." Am J Knee Surg 14(3): 157-62.


Wojtys, E. M., S. U. Kothari, et al. (1996). "Anterior cruciate ligament functional brace use in sports." Am J Sports Med24(4): 539-46.


Wojtys, E. M., P. V. Loubert, et al. (1990). "Use of a knee-brace for control of tibial translation and rotation. A comparison, in cadavera, of available models." J Bone Joint Surg Am72(9): 1323-9.


Wu, G. K., G. Y. Ng, et al. (2001). "Effects of knee bracing on the sensorimotor function of subjects with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction." Am J Sports Med29(5): 641-5.


Yu, B., D. Herman, et al. (2004). "Immediate effects of a knee brace with a constraint to knee extension on knee kinematics and ground reaction forces in a stop-jump task." Am J Sports Med32(5): 1136-43.


Zvijac, J., A. Ricco, et al. (1996). "Measurement of strains in knee orthosis during high performance activities." Proc AOSSM, Orlando.